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Kreß, C (2019). The Peacemaking Process After the Great War and the Origins of International Criminal Law Stricto Sensu. German Yearbook of International Law, 62(1), 163-188. https://doi.org/10.3790/gyil.62.1.163
Kreß, Claus (2019). "The Peacemaking Process After the Great War and the Origins of International Criminal Law Stricto Sensu" German Yearbook of International Law, vol. 62no. 1, 2019 pp. 163-188. https://doi.org/10.3790/gyil.62.1.163
Kreß, C (2019). The Peacemaking Process After the Great War and the Origins of International Criminal Law Stricto Sensu. German Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 62 (Issue 1), pp 163-188. https://doi.org/10.3790/gyil.62.1.163

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The Peacemaking Process After the Great War and the Origins of International Criminal Law Stricto Sensu

Kreß, Claus

German Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 62 (2019), Iss. 1 : pp. 163–188

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Claus Kreß, Professor of Criminal Law and Public International Law, Director of the Institute of International Peace and Security Law, University of Cologne.

Abstract

Over two parts, this article explores the wider significance of the peacemaking process on the evolution of international criminal law and international criminal justice. First, it shows that the Paris experience has brought to light two problems which continue to haunt us at the present time: political resistance to the individualisation of responsibility after a conflict between collective entities, and the question of group-based selectivity of criminal proceedings. Secondly, the article explains why the peacemaking process after the Great War constitutes the prologue to, rather than the birth of, international criminal law stricto sensu – this body of international legal rules being understood as providing, on behalf of the international community as a whole, for criminal sanctions in cases of violations of a limited number of fundamental international legal rules of conduct.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Claus Kreß\nThe Peacemaking Process After the Great War and the Origins of International Criminal Law Stricto Sensu 163
I. Introduction 163
II. Paris After the Great War and the Early Encounter of Two Fundamental Challenges for International Criminal Law 166
A. The Individualisation of Responsibility in Case of a Conflict Between Collective Entities 166
B. The Selectivity of the Proceedings 170
III. The Place of Paris in the History of International Criminal Law 163
A. Not the Birth of International Criminal Law stricto sensu … 163
1. The Anglo-French and US-American Divide 163
2. The Reflection of the United States’ Script in Articles 227 to 230 163
3. The Treaties of Sèvres and Lausanne 163
4. The League of Nation’s Appraisal 163
B. The Prologue to International Criminal Law Stricto Sensu’s Appearance on the International Legal Scene 163
IV. Conclusion 164