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Reiling, K (2021). Die kommunale Umweltschutzklage. Die Verwaltung, 54(4), 515-543. https://doi.org/10.3790/verw.54.4.515
Reiling, Katharina (2021). "Die kommunale Umweltschutzklage" Die Verwaltung, vol. 54no. 4, 2021 pp. 515-543. https://doi.org/10.3790/verw.54.4.515
Reiling, K (2021). Die kommunale Umweltschutzklage. Die Verwaltung, Vol. 54 (Issue 4), pp 515-543. https://doi.org/10.3790/verw.54.4.515

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Die kommunale Umweltschutzklage

Eine rechtsvergleichende Annäherung

Reiling, Katharina

Die Verwaltung, Vol. 54 (2021), Iss. 4 : pp. 515–543

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Dr. Katharina Reiling, Universität Konstanz, Lehrstuhl für Staats- und Verwaltungsrecht, Europarecht und Rechtsvergleichung, Universitätsstraße 10, 78464 Konstanz

Abstract

The municipal environmental protection action addresses the question of whether and to what extent municipalities can enforce environmental protection concerns in court. German law does not recognize it in principle. The study showed that although supranational law does not currently require that municipalities be granted the same legal protection options as environmental associations, the Swiss legal system uses the municipal environmental protection action, there called environmental protection complaint, to effectuate environmental protection. Two Swiss models have been identified. The first model contains special legal rights of appeal of municipalities that are linked to their potential impact, so that a general link between environmental impairment and the municipal territory is sufficient. The second model contains the right of appeal created by case law, which allows municipalities to assert the protection of their inhabitants from emissions as well as local natural resources via the right of appeal designed for private individuals, if the community is concretely affected by the environmental impairment as a whole, which is mainly the case if the environmental impact is caused by the municipalities. This is the case, above all, if the project to be assessed has such a significant impact that all or at least a large part of its population is affected.

If the second Swiss model is to be introduced in Germany via Section 42 (2) 2nd Vari. VwGO, then a link to the guarantee of self-government is preferable. The use of the figure of procuratorial law is, however, worth considering if the Union jurisdiction should further expand the possibilities for municipal actions in the event of violations of EU environmental law.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Katharina Reiling: Die kommunale Umweltschutzklage. Eine rechtsvergleichende Annäherung 515
I. Einleitung 515
II. Kein Paradigmenwechsel durch das überstaatliche Recht 518
1. Aarhus-Konvention und Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligungsrichtlinie als Maßstab 518
2. Gemeinden als Öffentlichkeit 519
3. Eröffnung von Klagerechten jenseits der Verbandsklage 522
4. Zwischenergebnis 515
III. Das Schweizer Modell 515
1. Gerichtlicher Verwaltungsrechtsschutz in der Schweiz 515
2. Umweltrechtliches Beschwerderecht der Gemeinde 515
3. Bewährung des umweltrechtlichen Beschwerderechts 515
4. Zwischenergebnis 515
IV. Kommunale Umweltschutzklage de lege lata 515
1. Als prokuratorisches Recht 515
2. Selbstverwaltungsgarantie als Transmissionsriemen 516
3. Staatstheoretischer Befund 516
V. Zusammenfassung und Verhältnis zur Umweltverbandsklage 516
Abstract 516