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Foroni Consani, C., Klein, J., Nour Sckell, S. (Eds.) (2021). Cosmopolitanism. From the Kantian Legacy to Contemporary Approaches. Duncker & Humblot.
Foroni Consani, Cristina; Klein, Joel T. and Nour Sckell, Soraya. Cosmopolitanism: From the Kantian Legacy to Contemporary Approaches. Duncker & Humblot, 2021. Book.
Foroni Consani, C, Klein, J, Nour Sckell, S (eds.) (2021): Cosmopolitanism: From the Kantian Legacy to Contemporary Approaches, Duncker & Humblot, [online]



From the Kantian Legacy to Contemporary Approaches

Editors: Foroni Consani, Cristina | Klein, Joel T. | Nour Sckell, Soraya

Beiträge zur Politischen Wissenschaft, Vol. 198


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About The Author

Cristina Foroni Consani is Professor of Legal and Political Philosophy at the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR) and a CNPq (National Council for Technological Development) researcher. In 2010, she was a visiting scholar at the Political Science Department at Columbia University, USA (with CAPES/2010), before receiving her PhD in Moral and Political Philosophy from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil, in 2013.

Joel T. Klein is Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy at the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), and CNPq (National Council for Technological Development) researcher, and associate member of the Center for Philosophy of the University of Lisbon, Portugal (CFUL). He received his PhD in Moral and Political Philosophy from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC) Brazil in 2012 and has held visiting scholar positions at Humboldt University of Berlin (HU) (with DAAD funding) and at the Ludwig-Maximillian-Universität München (LMU) (as an experienced researcher of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation).

Soraya Nour Sckell is tenured Associate Professor at the NOVA School of Law, Universidade Nova de Lisboa. She is researcher at CEDIS (NOVA School of Law) and at the Center of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon. She is the Principal Investigator of the Project »Cosmopolitanism: Justice, Democracy and Citizenship without Borders« (PTDC/FER-FIL/30686/2017). She received the Wolfgang Kaupen-Preis (German Society for Sociology, section Sociology of Law, 2018) and the German-French Friendship Prize (Ambassy of Germany in Paris, 2012). She has obtained a PhD in Philosophy from the University Paris Nanterre and the Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main (thesis in cotutela, 2012) and a PhD in Law from the University of Sao Paulo (USP, 1999). She has done post-doc research at the Universities of Saint Louis (SLU), Nanterre, Frankfurt a.M. and Berlin (Humboldt University) and taught at the Universities of São Paulo (USP), Munich, Metz, Lille, and Lisbon, as well as at the University Portucalense. She has been director of the research program on cosmopolitanism at the Collège International de Philosophie in Paris (2013-2019) and she is the vice-president of the Association Humboldt France.


This book investigates several dimensions of the concept of cosmopolitanism since Kant. The first of these dimensions is a world vision that considers the construction of a »cosmopolitan self« as a question of justice. The second is the idea that a local political-legal order is fully democratic only if it respects the environment and the human rights of all people of the world, regardless of their citizenship. The third dimension concerns the practice of crossborder associations between individuals, institutionalized or not (cosmopolitics, as Balibar called it). The fourth considers individuals as subjects of international law, as in the case of individual petitions concerning human rights through the European Court of Human Rights and individual responsibility in international criminal law. Finally, the fifth dimension is a form of ecological consciousness based on the relationship between the self and the cosmos, which would imply a profound revision of modern anthropocentric concepts.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Inhaltsverzeichnis 5
Cristina Foroni Consani, Joel T. Klein and Soraya Nour Sckell, Introduction 7
References 12
Part I. Cosmopolitanism in Modern Philosophy 15
Maria Isabel Limongi, David Hume and “difference” as a cosmopolitan principle 17
References 30
Delamar José Volpato Dutra and Cláudio Ladeira de Oliveira, There are no limits to the rights of a state against an unjust enemy 31
I. Habermas: Kant two hundred years later 31
II. Kant and the Federation of States 32
III. The Schmittian thesis of just war and the tensions between the jurist Kant and the philosopher Kant 34
IV. Kant as a critic of just war theory 38
V. Habermas: are human rights moral rights? 41
VI. Conclusion 43
References 44
Fernando M. F. Silva, Kant and the birth of the pragmatic 47
I. Anthropology beyond anthropology – a new investigational path 47
II. Anthropology and Empirical Psychology. An association towards their dissociation 50
1. A brief history of the ˋpragmatic' in Kant. The birth of the ˋI as World' 50
2. The ˋpragmatic' between system and aggregate 57
References 63
Henny Blomme, Kant on the (im)‌possibility of attaining perpetual peace 65
I. The infinitely progressing approximation 65
II. The unexecutable idea 66
III. The guarantee of perpetual peace 73
IV. Perpetual peace as an interested assumption [interessierte Annahme] 77
References 78
Joel T. Klein, Prudential reasoning in Kant's legal cosmopolitanism 81
I. Outlines of Kant's Legal Cosmopolitanism 81
II. Prudential reasoning in Kant's juridical cosmopolitanism 84
1. The issue of ends – the rejection of a world monarchy 84
2. War as means 86
3. Disanalogy between the formation of states and world republic 87
III. Final remarks 93
References 95
Maria Borges, Kant on cosmopolitan law and the possibility of refugee rights 97
I. Cosmopolitan right 99
II. Is it possible a right of refugees in Kant? 101
III. The spirit beyond the letter 103
References 104
Vinicius de Figueiredo, Two moments of Kantian cosmopolitanism 105
I. The cosmopolitanism in 1764 106
II. Distinction of analytical plans 108
III. Cosmopolitanism and special metaphysics in 1784 111
IV. Conclusion 113
References 115
Giorgia Cecchinato, Fichte's Closed Commercial State from a cosmopolitan perspective: Identifying agreement in spite of apparent contradictions 117
I. From Review to Immanuel Kant´s Perpetual Peace to the Foundation of Natural Law: Peace and the State 118
II. The Closed Commercial State 121
III. Fichte globally? Final considerations about the relevance of Fichtes proposal 124
References 126
Part II. Cosmopolitanism in Contemporary Philosophy 127
Bethania Assy and Rafael Rolo, Shaman cosmopolitanism: Amerindian resistance and perspectivism 129
Opening remarks 129
I. Viveiros de Castro's multinatural perspectivism: A few coordinates 134
II. Shamanic cosmopolitanism and a sketch-comparison with western cosmopolitism 143
III. The shaman as a resisting posture 150
References 153
Celso de Moraes Pinheiro, Citizenship beyond borders 155
Introduction 155
I. The concept of citizenship in Antiquity 155
II. Freedom and the definition of citizenship 159
III. Contemporary citizenship: a new citizen? 165
References 171
Charles Feldhaus, Cosmopolitism in Habermas: with and beyond Kant 173
I. Introduction 173
II. Some variations in Kant's cosmopolitan conception 174
III. Republicanism and the question of the proper legal framework 176
IV. From scrutiny of the Kantian outline to perpetual peace to reform of the United Nations Organization 179
V. Habermas with Kant beyond Kant 182
VI. The question of distributive justice in the global sphere 184
VII. Final considerations 186
References 186
Cristina Foroni Consani, A constitution without a state? An analysis of the Habermasian proposal for global politics without a world government 189
I. The Habermas cosmopolitan model and the concept of a constitution without a state 189
II. Issues with Habermas's “world politics without world government” and the idea of a constitution without a state 195
III. Habermasian cosmopolitanism as a realistic utopia 198
References 201
Darlei Dall'Agnol, Global bioethics and the need for better international governance 203
Introduction 203
I. What is wrong with the UN regarding bioethical policies? 204
II. Back to Kant: the contractualist justification of a state 206
III. A Kantian proposal 211
IV. Rethinking world governance 213
V. Final remarks 215
References 215
David García Hoyos, Cultural cosmopolitics in Latin America: the case of Cumbia 217
I. What is cumbia? 221
II. Cumbia and cosmopolitanism 223
III. Towards cumbia as an ecology of practices 225
References 227
Marco Antonio Valentim, Cosmology and politics in the Anthropocene 229
I. Getting started 229
II. Entropic nightmare 230
III. Cosmic fascism 232
IV. Why does it never end? 235
V. Visit to the sky 238
References 240
Milene Consenso Tonetto, Global Ethics and Climate Change 243
Introduction 243
I. Global ethics and principles of climate ethics 244
II. Principles for distributing GHG emissions 246
1. Equal burdens 247
2. Equal shares or equal quotas issued per capita 248
III. Principles for distributing the costs of combating climate change 250
1. Polluter-Pays Principle (PPP) 250
2. Beneficiary pays 251
3. Ability to pay 252
4. Hybrid principles: Poverty-Sensitive Polluter-Pays Principle (PSPPP) and the History-Sensitive Ability-to Pay-Principle (HSAPP) 254
IV. Applying hybrid principles: mitigation, adaptation and emission policies 255
Final remarks 258
References 258
Nythamar de Oliveira and João Henrique Salles Jung, Is a cosmopolitan world society possible? A dialogue between critical Theory and the English School 263
Introduction 263
I. The post-national constellation: Habermas, International Relations and constitutional patriotism 266
II. Axel Honneth and the problem of recognition between states 270
III. About the international society: the English School between cultural plurality and moral solidarity 273
IV. Between Habermas and Honneth: The English School and the challenges around a universal normativity 276
Conclusion 280
References 281
Thomas Bustamante, Is there an objective standard of salience for International Law? 285
Introduction 285
I. Kelsenian and Dworkinian arguments for monism in International Law 285
II. In search of a concept of objectivity fit for law 292
III. Pursuing salience in International Law 296
1. The idea of International Law as a normative social practice 296
2. Associative obligations and the legitimacy of International Law 298
3. A discussion of the “lack of community objection” to associative models of legitimacy in International Law 302
4. Salience reasoning 305
IV. Conclusion 307
References 307
Notes on contributors 311
Index 321