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Cosmos, Cosmopolitanism and Cosmopolitics throughout History

Editors: Nour Sckell, Soraya | Ehrhardt, Damien

Beiträge zur Politischen Wissenschaft, Vol. 200

(2022)

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Abstract

The relationship between human beings and the cosmos has developed in divergent mythological, poetic, religious, philosophical, scientific, political-juridical, and ecological ways over time. Throughout history the cosmos has been subjected to a scientific perspective as well as to the poetic gaze, both of which contemplate the mysteries of the night, the comets, the king-sun, the moon, and infinity. Several other concepts, such as cosmology, cosmopolitanism, cosmopolitics, cosmopolitan citizenship, cosmopolitan law, and cosmic consciousness are derived from the idea of the cosmos. Cosmopolitanism relates to the ethical ideal of belonging, as a citizen of the world, to a universal community, beyond any links to particular communities. Cosmopolitics corresponds to a dual concern with affording local politics a cosmopolitan dimension and ensuring that global politics has a democratic dimension. This book intends to discuss the various perspectives on the cosmos, cosmopolitanism, cosmopolitics and other related concepts.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Table of Contents 5
Soraya Nour Sckell & Damien Ehrhardt: Introduction 7
Part I Since ancient times 15
Carlos João Correia, Cosmogony 17
Bibliography 22
Nguyen Quy Dao, A Far-Eastern reading of the sky 25
I. Introduction 25
II. The Dunhuang maps and the Forbidden City in the sky 25
1. Tales and legends of the cosmos 27
a) Is the sun nearer to us in the morning or at noon? 27
b) The God of Agriculture 27
c) The legend of Nguu Lang and Chuc Nu 29
2. Legends of the moon 31
a) On the moon, a little boy named Cuội, little Pebble 31
b) The jade rabbit 33
c) The moon and loneliness 34
III. Conclusion 35
IV. Acknowledgments 35
Part II Through the 18th Century 37
Susana Antas Videira, Republicanism, representation andequality in the works of Thomas Paine 39
Bibliography 48
Alexei N. Krouglov, Struggle against the “Best of all Possible Worlds” Doctrine mid-18th Century German Cosmology 49
I. Cosmology within the 18th century metaphysics 49
1. Notion of world as the subject of cosmology 50
2. Leibniz, theodicy problem and the notion of optimism 50
3. Prize-contest of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin (1755) and Lisbon Earthquake 51
II. Chr. A. Crusius' critique of the Best of All Possible Worlds doctrine 52
III. The Crusians on the world that is not the best one: A.F. Reinhard and D. Weymann 55
IV. Kant's polemic with the Crusians on the Best of All Possible Worlds 58
V. Weymann against Kant 62
Conclusion 64
Bibliography 64
Gualtiero Lorini, Völkerrecht as Staatenrecht. Unpacking Kant's definition of cosmopolitan right 69
Introductory remarks 69
I. From the ius gentium to the interstatal right 70
II. From Staatenrecht to Weltbürgerrecht 72
Final remarks: The pragmatism of Kant's cosmopolitan right 76
Bibliography 78
Primary Literature 79
Secondary Literature 79
Part III Through the 19th Century 81
Oliver Schlaudt, Alexander von Humboldt – ein moderner Anthropologe? Eine foucauldianische Lektüre des Kosmos 83
I. Was bedeutet „moderne“ Anthropologie? 83
II. Der Platz des Menschen im Kosmos 85
1. Der Mensch als Subjekt und Objekt im Kosmos 86
2. Eine „Naturkunde des Geistes“ 87
3. Zwischen Relativismus und Teleologie 89
III. Schluss: Ein teleologisch fundierter Universalismus 93
Literatur 96
Dirk Michael Hennrich, Landschaft oder Kosmos. Ein Beitrag zur Philosophie der Landschaft im Ausgang von Alexander von Humboldt 99
I. Sehnsucht nach dem Ganzen 99
II. Landschaft und Kosmos 101
III. Philosophie der Landschaft 103
Literatur 106
Damien Ehrhardt, Musique et cosmos : l'émergence de la forme dans l'œuvre au XIXe siècle 109
I. Musique et cosmos : des notions polysémiques 109
1. Les définitions usuelles 109
2. Le cosmos de l'art 110
II. Musique et cosmos : un panorama historique 111
1. La musique des sphères 111
2. Le tournant de la Renaissance et des débuts du Baroque. Astronomia nova et seconda prattica 112
III. L'émergence de la forme musicale : un changement de paradigme 115
IV. Au-delà de la mondialisation : l'âge du cosmique 117
Bibliographie 120
Part IV Through the 20th Century 123
Juvenal Savian Filho, The world as experience 125
Bibliography 128
Soraya Nour Sckell und Thorsten Fath, Dialektischer Kosmopolitismus: jenseits der Polarisierungen dreier paradigmatischer Ansätze bei Horkheimer, Habermas und Hardt/Negri 129
Einführung 129
I. Habermas' Kommunikative Vernunft in menschheitlich-universeller Perspektive 131
1. Die universelle kommunikative Vernunft 131
2. Die Universalisierung der Lebenswelt 132
3. Universalisierung unabhängig vom System 133
4. Die Moderne als Universalisierungsprozess 136
II. Hardt/Negris' Multitude 138
1. Das globale Empire 139
2. Die Multitude 140
III. Politisch-historische Subjektivität bei Horkheimer 142
1. Der historische Kern der Vernunft 143
2. Dialektik zwischen Subjekt und partikularen Strukturen 145
3. Das partikular-konkrete Subjekt 149
Schlussbemerkung 152
Literatur 153
Frauke A. Kurbacher, cosmopolitan critique – On being a world citizen alongside Kant, Arendt and Derrida 157
Bibliography 164
Part V Contemporary approaches 167
Paulo de Brito, Reflections on MacCormick's “civic conception of nation”, the idea of a “world state” and Pogge's cosmopolitan approach 169
I. The idea of a World State 171
II. Pogge's cosmopolitan approach 173
Concluding remarks 176
Bibliography 176
João Pinheiro, A naturalist agenda for cosmopolitan research: The cosmopolitan conjecture 177
I. Naturalism, an epistemic dimension for cosmopolitanism 177
II. The cosmopolitan conjecture: An evolutionary trend and an imperative to cooperate 182
III. An evolutionary game theoretical approach to the cosmopolitan conjecture 189
IV. The evolution of cosmopolitan behavior 194
1. Kin selection 196
2. Group selection 197
3. Direct reciprocity 198
4. Indirect reciprocity 199
5. Network reciprocity 200
a) Modelling Interdependency 202
b) Modelling existential risk 205
V. Prolegomena to future research 208
Acknowledgements 213
Funding 214
Bibliography 214
Gérard Raulet, Le cosmopolitisme est-il une réalité ? Antinomies et stratégies discursives 223
I. La réalité incontournable d'un concept ? 224
II. La confusion métaphysique. Flash back sur les origines 227
III. Les antinomies constitutives du cosmopolitisme 230
1. Le complexe de l'universalisme et l'individualisme 231
2. La confusion entre le cosmopolitisme et le multiculturalisme 233
3. La confusion du privé et du public 234
4. Multiculturalisme, judiciarisation, et les enjeux d'une justice globale 235
5. L'antinomie du local et du spatial 236
IV. Le transnationalisme plutôt que le cosmopolitisme 238
V. Citoyenneté universelle ? 241
Bibliographie 243
Biographies 247
Personal Index 253