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Soziale Ungleichheit beim Zugang zu berufsqualifizierender Ausbildung. Das Zusammenspiel von sozioökonomischem Hintergrund, Migrationsstatus und schulischer Vorbildung

Hillmert, Steffen | Weßling, Katarina

Sozialer Fortschritt, Vol. 63 (2014), Iss. 4-5: pp. 72–82

9 Citations (CrossRef)

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Hillmert, Prof. Dr. Steffen, Universität Tübingen, Institut für Soziologie, Wilhelmstraße 36, 72074 Tübingen

Weßling, Katarina, Universität Tübingen, Institut für Soziologie, Wilhelmstraße 36, 72074 Tübingen

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Abstract

Social Inequality in the Transition to Vocational Education and Training (VET). The Interplay of Socioeconomic Background, Immigrant Status and General Schooling

Individual life opportunities are to a significant extent affected by a successful transition to vocational training and the subsequent attainment of a recognized occupational qualification. It is well known that transition chances in the general school system, as well as in the VET (Vocational Education and Training) system, are distributed unequally among different social groups. However, with regard to access to qualified vocational training it is largely unknown (1) to what extent social status and migration status have an impact, either directly or indirectly by way of previous school achievements and (2) in what way the effects of social status and immigrant status are related. The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) allows for a detailed differentiation and analysis of these aspects. Our results confirm the hypothesis of an interplay between different aspects of social origin. Moreover, we are able to show that the impact of social origin on the chances of entering qualified vocational training is relayed via the general school system. However, there are also independent aspects of social origin that have a direct effect on the transition to vocational training.