Menu Expand



Martini, B., Platania, M. Analyzing Resilience in Local Labor Market Areas: A Spatial Analysis for the Case of Italy. Applied Economics Quarterly, 65(3), 189-208.
Martini, Barbara and Platania, Marco "Analyzing Resilience in Local Labor Market Areas: A Spatial Analysis for the Case of Italy" Applied Economics Quarterly 65.3, , 189-208.
Martini, Barbara/Platania, Marco: Analyzing Resilience in Local Labor Market Areas: A Spatial Analysis for the Case of Italy, in: Applied Economics Quarterly, vol. 65, iss. 3, 189-208, [online]


Analyzing Resilience in Local Labor Market Areas: A Spatial Analysis for the Case of Italy

Martini, Barbara | Platania, Marco

Applied Economics Quarterly, Vol. 65 (2019), Iss. 3 : pp. 189–208

1 Citations (CrossRef)

Additional Information

Article Details


Author Details

Martini, Barbara, University of Rome Tor Vergata. Department of Enterprise Engineering, via Columbia 2, 00133 Roma, Italy.

Platania, Marco, University of Catania and University of Winchester. University of Catania, Department of Educational Science, via della Biblioteca 4, 95124, Catania, Italy.

Cited By





    Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 27 (2022), Iss. 03 [Citations: 0]


  1. Adger, W. N. (2000): “Social and ecological resilience: are they related?” Progress in Human Geography 24, 347–364.  Google Scholar
  2. Anselin, L. (1999): Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Model. Kluwer Academic Publisher: Dordrecht.  Google Scholar
  3. Bistrow, G. (2010): “Resilient regions: re-“place”ing regional competitiveness,” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3, 153–167.  Google Scholar
  4. Bistrow, G. / Healy, A. (2017): “Innovation and Regional Economic Resilience. An exploratory analysis,” Annals of Regional Science 60, 265–284.  Google Scholar
  5. Boschma, R. (2015): “Towards an Evolutionary Prospective on Regional Resilience,” Regional Studies 49, 733–751.  Google Scholar
  6. Briguglio, L. / Cordina, G. / Fugeja, S. / Farrugia, N. (2007): Conceptualizing and Measuring Economic Resilience. Unpublished Paper, Economic Department, University of Malta.  Google Scholar
  7. Bruneau, M. / Chang, S. E. / Eguchi, R. T. / Lee, G. C. / O’Rourke, T. D. / Reinhorn, A. M. / (…) and Von Winterfeldt, D. (2003): “A framework to quantitatively assess and enhance the seismic resilience of communities,” Earthquake spectra 19, 733–752.  Google Scholar
  8. Casado-Diaz, J. M. (2000): “Local Labor Market Areas in Spain: a study case,” Regional Studies 34, 843–856.  Google Scholar
  9. Cellini, R. / Torrisi, G. (2014): “Regional resilience in Italy: a very long-run analysis,” Regional Studies 48, 1779–1796.  Google Scholar
  10. Chapple, K. / Lester, T. W. (2010): “The Resilient Regional Labor Market? The US case,” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3, 85–104.  Google Scholar
  11. Coombes, M. G. / Dixson, J. S. /Openshaws, S. /Taylor, P. J. (1982): “Functional regions for the Population Census of Great Britain,” Geography and the urban environment: progress research and application 5, 63–112.  Google Scholar
  12. Corrado, L. / Fingleton, B. (2012): “Where is economics in the spatial econometrics?” Regional Science 52, 201–239.  Google Scholar
  13. Davies, S. (2011): “Regional resilience in the 2008–2010 downturn: comparative evidence from European countries,” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 4, 369–382.  Google Scholar
  14. Di Caro, P. (2015): “Recessions, Recoveries and Regional Resilience: Evidence on Italy,” Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society 8, 273–291.  Google Scholar
  15. Diodato, D. / Weterings, A. B. (2014): “The resilience of regional labor markets to economic shocks: exploring the role of interactions among firms and workers,” Journal of Economic Geography 15, 723–742.  Google Scholar
  16. Faggian, A. / Gemmiti, R. / Jaquet, T. / Santini, I. (2018): “Regional Economic Resilience: the experience of the Local labors systems,” Annals of Regional Science 60, 393–410.  Google Scholar
  17. Fingleton, B. / Garresten, H. / Martin, R. (2012): “Recessionary shocks and regional employment: evidence on the resilience UK regions,” Journal of Regional Science 52, 109–133.  Google Scholar
  18. Foster, K. A. (2007): A Case Study Approach to Understanding Regional Resilience. Working Paper. University of California-Berkley.  Google Scholar
  19. Fratesi, U. / Perucca, G. (2018): “Territorial capital and the resilience of European regions,” The Annals of Regional Science 60, 241–264.  Google Scholar
  20. Friedman, M. (1993): “The Plucking Model of Business Fluctuations Revisited,” Economic Enquiry 31, 171–177.  Google Scholar
  21. Gardiner, B. / Martin, P. / Sunley, P. / Tyler, P. (2013): “Spatially unbalance growth in the British economy,” Journal of Economic Geography 13, 889–928.  Google Scholar
  22. Hill, E. W. / Wial, H. / Wolman, H. (2008): Exploring Regional Economic Resilience. Working Paper – Institute of Urban and Regional Development University of California.  Google Scholar
  23. Hotelling, C. S. (1973): “Resilience and Stability of Ecological System,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4, 1–23.  Google Scholar
  24. Hotelling, C. S. (1996): Engineering Resilience Versus Ecological Resilience. In P. Schulze, Engineering within Ecological Constraints (p. 31–44). Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.  Google Scholar
  25. Hotelling, C. S. (2001): “Understanding the Complexity of Economic, Ecological and Social System,” Ecosystem 4, 390–405.  Google Scholar
  26. Kitsos, A. / Bishop, P. (2016): “Economic resilience in Great Britain: the crisis impact and its determining factors for local authority districts”, Annals of Regional Science 60, 329–347.  Google Scholar
  27. Lacombe, D. / LeSage, J. P. (2018): “Use and interpretation of spatial autoregressive probit,” Annals of Regional Science 1, 1–24.  Google Scholar
  28. Lagravinese, R. (2015): “Economic Crises and rising gap North South: Evidence from Italian Regions,” Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society 8, 331–342.  Google Scholar
  29. Lee, N. (2014): “Grim down South? The determinants of unemployment increases in British Cities in 2008–2009 recession,” Regional Studies 48, 1761–1778.  Google Scholar
  30. LeSage, J. / Pace, K. R. (2009): Introduction to Spatial Econometrics. NY: Chapman & Hall / CRC Taylor & Francis Group.  Google Scholar
  31. Martin, R. (2012): “Regional Economic Resilience, Hysteresis and Recessionary Shocks,” Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography #10.18, 1–40.  Google Scholar
  32. Martin, R. / Sunley, P. (2015): “On the notion of regional economic resilience: conceptualization and explanation,” Journal of Economic Geography 15, 1–42.  Google Scholar
  33. Martin, R. / Sunley, P. /Gardiner, B. /Tyler, P. (2016): “How regions react to recession: resilience and the role of economic structure,” Regional Studies 50, 561–585.  Google Scholar
  34. Martini, B. (2018): Resilience, reorientation and variety. An analysis of Italian provinces after 2007 economic shock. In: T. Baycan / H. Pinto, Crisis and Innovation Dynamic. Edwar Elgar.  Google Scholar
  35. Martini, B. / Platania, M. (2019) “Spatio-temporal analysis of the resilience in Italy during the great recession,” Romanian Journal of Regional Science 13, 1–14.  Google Scholar
  36. McGlade, J. / Murray, R. / Baldwin, J. / Rigway, K. / Winder, B. (2006): Industrial Resilience and Decline: A Co-evolutionary Framework. In: E. Garnsey / J. McGlade, Complexity Coevolution: Continuity and Change in Socio-economic Systems (p. 147–176). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.  Google Scholar
  37. OECD (2002) Redefining Territories. The Functional Regions.  Google Scholar
  38. Östh, J. / Reggiani, A. / Galiazzo, G. (2015): “Spatial Economic Resilience and Accessibility: a Joint Prospective,” Computer Environmental and Urban System 49, 148–159.  Google Scholar
  39. Paci, R. / Usai, S. (2006): Agglomeration Economies and Growth: the case of Italian Local Labor System, 1991–2001. Centro Ricerche Economiche Nord Sud Working Paper.  Google Scholar
  40. Pendall, R. / Foster, K. A. / Cowell, M. (2010): “Resilience and Regions: Building Understanding of the metaphor,” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3, 71–85.  Google Scholar
  41. Pfefferbaum, B. / Reissman, D. / Pfeffenbaum, R. / Klomp, R. / Gurwittch, R. (2005): Building resilience to mass trauma events. In: L. Doll / S. Bonzo / J. Mercy / D. Sleet, Handbook of injury and violence prevention intervention. New York: Kluwer Academic Publisher.  Google Scholar
  42. Pimm, S. L. (1984): “The Complexity and Stability of Economic System,” Nature 307, 321–326.  Google Scholar
  43. Sammie, J. / Martin, R. (2010): “The Economic Resilience of Regions: Towards an Evolutionary Approach,” Cambridge Journal of Regional Economic and Society 3, 27–43.  Google Scholar
  44. Sensier, M. / Bristow, G. / Healy, A. (2016): “Measuring Regional Economic Resilience Across Europe. Operationalizing a Complex Concept,” Spatial Economic Analysis 11, 128–151.  Google Scholar
  45. Sforzi, F. (2012): From Administrative Spatial Units to Local Labor Market Areas. In: E. Fernandez Vazquez / F. Rubiera Morollon, Defining the Spatial Scale in Modern Regional Analysis (p. 1–21). Berlin: Springer Verlag.  Google Scholar
  46. Swanstrom, T. (2008): Regional Resilience: a Critical Examination of the Ecological Framework. Institute of Urban and Regional Development Working Paper.  Google Scholar
  47. van deer Lan, L. (1991): Spatial labor market in Netherlands. Delft: Eburon.  Google Scholar
  48. Walker, B. / Gunderson, L. / Kinzig, A. / Folke, C. / Carpenter, S. / Schultz, L. (2006): “A Handful of Heuristic and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Socio-Ecological Systems,” Ecological and Society 11.  Google Scholar



The aim of the paper is to analyse if and in which way specialization, geographical localization and spill-over effects affect resilience. The research is carried out using LLMAs (Local Labor Market Areas) as observational unit and spatial data analysis techniques (Anselin 1999, LeSage & Pace, 2009) in Italy. Resilience literature focalized its attention on regions. Despite this, there is no general agreement regarding the most appropriate observation unit. Our aim is not only to investigate the relationship between specialization and resilience at smaller scale using the LLMAs as observation unit but also to explore the spatial relationship among them. Results highlight a strong spatial correlation among LLMAs. As consequence resilience is not only influenced by specialization but also by geographical localization through spill-over effects.

JEL Classifications: R10, R12, C23, C33

Spatial analysis; Resilience; Labor Market Area; Italy

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Barbara Martini / Marco Platania: Analyzing Resilience in Local Labor Market Areas: A Spatial Analysis for the Case of Italy 1
Abstract 1
1. Introduction 1
2. Resilience 2
3. The LLMAs in the Face of the Crisis: Some Descriptive Features 4
4. Methodology 6
4.1 Calculating Resilience 6
4.2 Spatial Probit Models 9
5. Results 9
6. Discussion and Conclusion 1
References 1
Appendix 2