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Palmer, C., Cyrus, V. Play hard, innovate hard? – Der Einfluss der Dunklen Triade auf Resilienz und innovatives Arbeitsverhalten. ZfKE – Zeitschrift für KMU und Entrepreneurship, 68(2), 99-124.
Palmer, Carolin and Cyrus, Victoria "Play hard, innovate hard? – Der Einfluss der Dunklen Triade auf Resilienz und innovatives Arbeitsverhalten" ZfKE – Zeitschrift für KMU und Entrepreneurship 68.2, , 99-124.
Palmer, Carolin/Cyrus, Victoria: Play hard, innovate hard? – Der Einfluss der Dunklen Triade auf Resilienz und innovatives Arbeitsverhalten, in: ZfKE – Zeitschrift für KMU und Entrepreneurship, vol. 68, iss. 2, 99-124, [online]


Play hard, innovate hard? – Der Einfluss der Dunklen Triade auf Resilienz und innovatives Arbeitsverhalten

Palmer, Carolin | Cyrus, Victoria

ZfKE – Zeitschrift für KMU und Entrepreneurship, Vol. 68 (2020), Iss. 2 : pp. 99–124

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Palmer, Carolin

  • Carolin Palmer hat in Psychologie (Dr. rer. soc.) sowie in Economics and Business Administration (D.Sc.) promoviert und ist Professorin für Psychologie mit dem Schwerpunkt Personalmanagement an der Hochschule für öffentliche Verwaltung Kehl. Ihre aktuellen Forschungsschwerpunkte sind die psychologischen Konsequenzen von Digitalisierung, psychologische Faktoren des Entrepreneurship sowie Personalpsychologie.
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Cyrus, Victoria

  • Victoria Cyrus (M.Sc.) absolvierte ihr Masterstudium der Psychologie an der ­Justus-Liebig-Universität in Gießen. Derzeit arbeitet sie bei Lufthansa im Executive HR Management. Ihr Tätigkeitsschwerpunkt liegt im Bereich Female Leadership.
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Entrepreneure sind die Innovatoren eines Unternehmens. Entsprechend kommt dem Verständnis der Mechanismen hinter innovativem Arbeitsverhalten der Unternehmer eine große Bedeutung zu. Auf Ebene des Entrepreneurs können hier neben kognitiven Einflüssen vor allem Persönlichkeitseigenschaften identifiziert werden. In dieser Studie werden die Zusammenhänge innovativen Arbeitsverhaltens als personale Voraussetzung innovativer Unternehmensführung zur Dunklen Triade der Persönlichkeit (Narzissmus, Machiavellismus, Psychopathie) und psychischer Widerstandsfähigkeit (Resilienz) untersucht und damit ein Beitrag zum Verständnis dunkler wie heller Seiten des Unternehmerprofils geleistet.

Auf Basis einer Stichprobe von 78 Unternehmern wurde Resilienz als signifikanter Prädiktor innovativen Arbeitsverhaltens identifiziert. Darüber hinaus konnte Resilienz als Mediator-Variable bestätigt werden, die den indirekten Einfluss von Narzissmus bzw. Psychopathie auf das innovative Arbeitsverhalten des Unternehmers erklärt. Für Machiavellismus wurde weder ein direkter noch indirekter Effekt auf innovatives Arbeitsverhalten gefunden. Höhere Werte in der Dunklen Triade (insb. Narzissmus und Psychopathie) helfen folglich dem Entrepreneur, auch in unsicheren Umwelten selbstbewusst nach neuartigen Lösungen zu suchen und so das Wachstum seines Unternehmens zu fördern.


Entrepreneurs are the innovators of a company. Accordingly, understanding the mechanisms behind innovative work behavior of entrepreneurs is of great importance. At the level of the entrepreneur, personality traits can be identified as significant predictors in addition to cognitive influences. This study examines the connections between innovative work behavior as a personal prerequisite for innovative work behavior and the Dark Triad of personality (narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy) and psychological resilience, thus contributing to the understanding of both the dark and bright sides of the entrepreneurial profile.

Based on a sample of 78 entrepreneurs, resilience was identified as a significant predictor of innovative work behavior. Furthermore, resilience was confirmed as a mediator variable that explains the indirect influence of narcissism or psychopathy on the innovative work behavior of the entrepreneur. No direct or indirect effect on innovative work behavior was found for Machiavellianism. Higher values in the Dark Triad (especially narcissism and psychopathy) therefore help the entrepreneur to confidently search for new solutions even in uncertain environments and thus promote the growth of his company.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Carolin Palmer / Victoria Cyrus: Play hard, innovate hard? – Der Einfluss der Dunklen Triade auf Resilienz und innovatives Arbeitsverhalten 1
Zusammenfassung 1
Abstract 2
I. Einleitung und Zielsetzung 2
II. Persönlichkeit in der Entrepreneurship-Forschung 3
1. Die Dunkle Triade der Persönlichkeit 5
a) Narzissmus 6
b) Machiavellismus 6
c) Psychopathie 7
d) Die Dunkle Triade und unternehmerischer Erfolg 7
2. Resilienz 9
III. Das Zusammenspiel von dunkler Persönlichkeit, Resilienz und innovativem Arbeitsverhalten 1
IV. Methode 1
1. Stichprobe 1
2. Messinstrumente 1
3. Vorgehensweise 1
V. Ergebnisse 1
VI. Diskussion 1
1. Limitationen 1
Literatur 1