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Wihtol de Wenden, C. Citizenship and Migration in a Globalized World. Rechtstheorie, 51(1), 7-13.
Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine "Citizenship and Migration in a Globalized World" Rechtstheorie 51.1, , 7-13.
Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine: Citizenship and Migration in a Globalized World, in: Rechtstheorie, vol. 51, iss. 1, 7-13, [online]


Citizenship and Migration in a Globalized World

Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine

Rechtstheorie, Vol. 51 (2020), Iss. 1 : pp. 7–13

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Article Details


Author Details

Prof. Dr. Catherine Wihtol de Wenden, Director of Research at CNRS (CERI), Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris, France


During these last thirty years, the world has entered into mobility, due to the fall of the iron curtain in former communist regimes including China and most of southern countries which gave access to passports. This phenomenon opened a right to emigration, as a universal right, while borders began more and more closed to immigration, excluding many people from citizenship due to their mobility. Globalization is the main factor of various forms of mobility which have an impact on the content of citizenship, formerly mainly ruled by Nation States. But this new gap between a universal right to emigrate and a discretionary right to immigrate is introducing a new disorder, ruled by new actors. Paradoxically, while mobility is considered as a factor of human development and way of modernity, the inequality of the right tomoveover the world, is opening to various forms of citizenship, mostly negotiated, as many forms of agencies.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Catherine Wihtol de Wenden: Citizenship and Migration in a Globalized World 7
I. Citizenship challenged by migration 7
1. The Globalization of migrations 7
2. Dissociation between Nationality and Citizenship in Europe 8
3. Transnational citizenship 9
II. The multiple forms of negotiations of citizenship 10
1. Double citizenship 11
2. Refugees 11
3. Environmentally displaced persons 12
4. Statelessness 12
5. Denizens 13
6. Illegals 13