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García-Fernández, R., Ruiz Tobar, C. What Happened to Polarization and Inequality Between 2008 and 2018 in Spain?. Applied Economics Quarterly, 66(3), 209-222.
García-Fernández, Rosa María and Ruiz Tobar, Candela "What Happened to Polarization and Inequality Between 2008 and 2018 in Spain?" Applied Economics Quarterly 66.3, , 209-222.
García-Fernández, Rosa María/Ruiz Tobar, Candela: What Happened to Polarization and Inequality Between 2008 and 2018 in Spain?, in: Applied Economics Quarterly, vol. 66, iss. 3, 209-222, [online]


What Happened to Polarization and Inequality Between 2008 and 2018 in Spain?

García-Fernández, Rosa María | Ruiz Tobar, Candela

Applied Economics Quarterly, Vol. 66 (2020), Iss. 3 : pp. 209–222

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Author Details

Rosa María García-Fernández, University of Granada, Spain.

Candela Ruiz Tobar, University of Granada, Spain. Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business, University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain.


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The main objective of this paper is to empirically examine the dynamics of income distribution in Spain between 2008 and 2018 using SILC data. We consider the concepts of polarization and inequality as different aspects of the income distribution. To compute both aspects, we use the measures of Palacios-González and García-Fernández (2012) and the Gini index respectively. Findings indicate that polarization and inequality fluctuate around an upward trend during these years in Spain. Furthermore, the lower and middle income households have been more adversely affected than those with higher incomes, and the middle class has not benefited from the economic growth in Spain.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Rosa María García-Fernández / Candela Ruiz Tobar: What Happened to Polarization and Inequality Between 2008 and 2018 in Spain? 1
Abstract 1
1. Introduction 1
2. Economic Polarization and Dispersion 2
3. Empirical Application 4
4. Conclusions 9
References 1
Appendix 1