Menu Expand



Entorf, H. Kriminalität und Ökonomie: Übersicht und neue Evidenz. Journal of Contextual Economics – Schmollers Jahrbuch, 116(3), 417-450.
Entorf, Horst "Kriminalität und Ökonomie: Übersicht und neue Evidenz" Journal of Contextual Economics – Schmollers Jahrbuch 116.3, 1996, 417-450.
Entorf, Horst (1996): Kriminalität und Ökonomie: Übersicht und neue Evidenz, in: Journal of Contextual Economics – Schmollers Jahrbuch, vol. 116, iss. 3, 417-450, [online]


Kriminalität und Ökonomie: Übersicht und neue Evidenz

Entorf, Horst

Journal of Contextual Economics – Schmollers Jahrbuch, Vol. 116 (1996), Iss. 3 : pp. 417–450

2 Citations (CrossRef)

Additional Information

Article Details

Entorf, Horst

Cited By

  1. Abschreckung durch Strafe

    Empirische Untersuchungen des Modells rationalen kriminellen Verhaltens: Eine Übersicht

    Curti, Henning

    1999 [Citations: 0]
  2. Socioeconomic and demographic factors of crime in Germany

    Entorf, Horst | Spengler, Hannes

    International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 20 (2000), Iss. 1 P.75 [Citations: 136]


  1. Archer, D. / Gartner, R. (1984), Violence and Crime in Cross-National Perspective, Yale University Press.  Google Scholar
  2. Abraham, K.G. / Houseman, S. N. (1994), Earnings Ineqguality in Germany, Discussion paper No. 94-24, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.  Google Scholar
  3. Banerjee, A. / Dolado, J. / Galbraith, J. W. / Hendry, D. F. (1993), Co-Integration, Error-Correction, and the Econometric Analysis of Non-Stationary Data, Oxford: Oxford University Press.  Google Scholar
  4. Becker, G. S. (1968), Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach, Journal of Political Economy 76, 169-217.  Google Scholar
  5. Benoit, J.-P. / Osborne, M. J. (1995), Crime, Punishment, and Social Expenditure, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 151/2, 326-347.  Google Scholar
  6. Bundeskriminalamt (verschiedene Jahresstatistiken), Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik, Wiesbaden.  Google Scholar
  7. Block, M.K. / Heineke, J. M. (1975), A Labor Theoretic Analysis of the Criminal Choice, American Economic Review LXV, 314-325.  Google Scholar
  8. Block, M. K. / Lind, R. C. (1975a), Crime and Punishment Reconsidered, Journal of Legal Studies IV, 241-247. (1975b), An Economic Analysis of Crimes Punishable by Imprisonment, Journal of Legal Studies IV, 479-492.  Google Scholar
  9. Bound, J. / Johnson, G. (1992), Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980s: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations, American Economic Review 82, 371-392.  Google Scholar
  10. Chiricos, T. G. (1987), Rates of Crime and Unemployment: Am Analysis of Aggregate Research Evidence, Social Problems 34, 187-211.  Google Scholar
  11. Coase, R. H. (1993), Law and Economics at Chicago, Journal of Law and Economics 46, 239-254.  Google Scholar
  12. Corman, H. / Joyce, T. / Lovitch, N. (1987), Crime, Deterrence and the Business Cycle in New York City: A VAR Approach, Review of Economics and Statistics 695-700.  Google Scholar
  13. Davis, S. J. (1992), Cross-country patterns of change in relative wages, NBER paper No. 4085.  Google Scholar
  14. Ehrlich, I. (1970), Participation in Dlegitimate Activities, Ph.-D. dissertation, Columbia Universität. (1973), Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation, Journal of Political Economy 81, 521-565. (1975), The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: A Question of Life and Death, American Economic Review 65, 397-417.  Google Scholar
  15. Eide, E. (1987), Punishment works - but do not waste money on the police, Papier präsentiert anläßlich der „Econometric Society European Meeting“, Kopenhagen. (1994), Economics of Crime: Deterrence and the Rational Offender, Amsterdam: North-Holland.  Google Scholar
  16. Entorf, H. (1995), Kriminalität und Ökonomie: Eine Bestandsaufnahme, Universität Mannheim, Discussion Paper 507-95.  Google Scholar
  17. Farrington / Gallagher, D. / Morley, L. / Ledger, R. / West, D. (1986), Unemployment, School Leaving and Crime, Britisch Journal of Criminology 26, 335-356.  Google Scholar
  18. Freeman, R. B. (1983), Crime and Unemployment, Kapitel 6 in J.Q. Wilson (Arsg.), Crime and Public Policy, San Francisco: ICS Press. (1992), Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youth, in G. Peterson und Wayne Vroman (Hrsg), Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunity. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, auch erschienen als NBER-Discussion Paper 3875. (1994), Crime and the Job Market, NBER-Working Paper No. 4910.  Google Scholar
  19. Freeman, R. B. / Katz, I. F. Hrsg. (1995), Differences and Changes in Wage Structures, Chicago: Chicago Press.  Google Scholar
  20. Grogger, J. (1994), The Effect of Arrests on the Employment and Earnings of Young Men, Department of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara.  Google Scholar
  21. Harvey, A. (1990), The Econometric Analysis of Time Series, 2. Auflage, Ney York: Philip Allan.  Google Scholar
  22. Hendry, D. F. / Pagan, A.R. / Sargan, J. D. (1984), Dynamic Specification, Kapitel 18 in: Z. Griliches und M.D. Intriligator (Hrsg.), Handbook of Econometrics II, Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1023-1100.  Google Scholar
  23. Hoenack, S. A. / Weiler, W. C. (1980), A Structural Model of Murder Behavior and the Criminal Justice System, American Economic Review 70, 327-341.  Google Scholar
  24. Hsiao, C. (1986), The Analysis of Panel Data, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Google Scholar
  25. Katz, L. F. / Loveman, G. W. / Blanchflower, D. G. (1995), A Comparison of Wages in Four OECD countries, in: Freeman, R.B. und L.F. Katz (Hrsg.).  Google Scholar
  26. Kenkel, D. S. (1993), Drinking. Driving, and Deterrence: The Effectiveness and Social Costs of Alternative Policies, Journal of Law and Economics 46, 877-913.  Google Scholar
  27. Krueger, A. B. / Pischke, J.-S. (1995), A Statistical Analysis of Crime Against Foreigners in Unified Germany, unveröffentlichtes Manuskript, Princeton und MIT.  Google Scholar
  28. Land, K. / McCall, P.L. / Cohen, L. E. (1990), Structural Cocariates of Homicide Rates: Are There Any Invariances Across Time and Social Space?, American Journal of Sociology 95, 922-963.  Google Scholar
  29. Landes, W. M. / Posner, R. A. (1993), The Influence of Economics on Law: A Quantitative Study, Journal of Law and Economics 46, 385-424.  Google Scholar
  30. Lee, D. S. (1993), An Empirical Investigation of the Economic Incentives of Criminal Behavior, mimeo, Harvard University.  Google Scholar
  31. Levitt, S. (1995), Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime, NBER Working Paper No. 4991.  Google Scholar
  32. Mankiw, N. G. / Romer, D. / Weil, D. L. (1992), A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth, Quarterly Journal of Economics 107, 407-437.  Google Scholar
  33. Myers, S. L. (1983), Estimating the Economic Model of Crime: Employment versus Punishment Effects, Quarterly Journal of Economics XCVII, 157-166.  Google Scholar
  34. Perrson, T. / Tabellini, G. (1994), Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?, American Economic Review 84, 600-621.  Google Scholar
  35. Reilly, B. / Witt, R. (1992), Crime and Unemployment in Scotland: An Econometric Aalysis using Regional Data, Scottish Journal of Political Economy 39, 213-228.  Google Scholar
  36. Sargan, J. D. (1964), Wages and Prices in United Kingdom: A Study in Econometric Methodology, in: P. E. Hart, G. Mills and J. K. Whitaker (Hrsg.), Econometric Analysis for National Economic Planning, London: Butterworth.  Google Scholar
  37. Statistisches Bundesamt (verschiedene Jahrgänge), Statistisches Jahrbuch, Wiesbaden: Metzler-Poeschel-Verlag.  Google Scholar
  38. Stigler, G. J. (1992), Law or Economics?, Journal of Law and Economics 35.  Google Scholar
  39. Taylor, C. L. / Jodice, D. A. (1983), World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators, Vol I, Yale University Press.  Google Scholar
  40. Witte, A. D. (1980), Estimating the Economic Model of Crime with Individual Data, Quarterly Journal of Economics XCIV, 57-84.  Google Scholar
  41. Witte, A. D. / Tauchen, H. (1994), Work and Crime: An Exploration Using Panel Data, NBER Working Paper 4794.  Google Scholar
  42. White, H. (1980), A Heteroscedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroscedasticity, Econometrica 48, 817-838.  Google Scholar
  43. Wolpin, K. 1. (1978), An Economic Analysis of Crime and Punishment in England and Wales, 1894-1967, Journal of Political Economy 86, 815-840. (1980), A Time Series-Cross Section Analysis of International Variation in Crime and Punishment, Review of Economics and Statistics, 417-423.  Google Scholar
  44. Yamada, Ta. / Yamada, Te. / Kang, J. (1991), Crime Rates versus Labor Market Conditions; Theory and Time-Series Evidence, NBER-Paper No. 3801.  Google Scholar


The recent literature reveals a growing interest in the relationship between economic and criminal activities. Besides the „classical“ question of deterrence, this paper surveys the recent developments about the role of labour markets and income inequalities. Based on a panel of the 11 former German Länder, it is tested whether the deterrence hypothesis is valid for Germany. There is only weak support for this hypothesisin the data. Moreover, a cross section of nations allows to analyse relationships between employment, education, income distribution, population density and criminal activity.