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El Mekkaoui, N., Loukili, S. Social and Solidarity Economy in Morocco: Cooperatives’ Behavior and Growth. Applied Economics Quarterly, 68(1), 37-51.
El Mekkaoui, Najat and Loukili, Sara "Social and Solidarity Economy in Morocco: Cooperatives’ Behavior and Growth" Applied Economics Quarterly 68.1, 2022, 37-51.
El Mekkaoui, Najat/Loukili, Sara (2022): Social and Solidarity Economy in Morocco: Cooperatives’ Behavior and Growth, in: Applied Economics Quarterly, vol. 68, iss. 1, 37-51, [online]


Social and Solidarity Economy in Morocco: Cooperatives’ Behavior and Growth

El Mekkaoui, Najat | Loukili, Sara

Applied Economics Quarterly, Vol. 68 (2022), Iss. 1 : pp. 37–51

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Author Details

Najat El Mekkaoui, Université Paris-Dauphine PSL LEDa DIAL IRD, Paris, France, EMANES and ERF, Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016 Paris, France.

Sara Loukili, PhD candidate, Université Paris-Dauphine PSL, LEDa DIAL IRD, EMANES, Paris.


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The social and solidarity economy has been promoted for its potential to reduce poverty, enhance economic inclusion, and provide alternative solutions to labor market issues, but very few empirical evaluations of its impact exist. We build an original qualitative and quantitative survey on the population of cooperatives in different sectors in Morocco with the aim of analyzing their economic models and relevance for job creation and economic inclusion. Much like commercial firms, we find that cooperatives grow and survive based on (i) internal factors pertaining to total factor productivity, (ii) management factors related to characteristics and management style of the president or manager, and (iii) external factors dependent upon the business or market environment.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Najat El Mekkaoui / Sara Loukili: Social and Solidarity Economy in Morocco: Cooperatives’ Behavior and Growth 37
Abstract 37
1. Introduction 37
2. Review of Relevant Literature 39
3. Research Design 40
3.1 The research framework 40
3.2 The survey design and procedures 40
3.3 Sampling 43
4. Results and Discussion 44
5. Conclusion 48
Appendices: Non-Parametric Survival Estimations 48
References 50