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Shahiduzzaman, M., Alam, K. Trade-Off Between CO2 Emissions and Income: Is There any Evidence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve in Australia?. Applied Economics Quarterly, 63(2), 211-231. https://doi.org/10.3790/aeq.63.2.211
Shahiduzzaman, Md and Alam, Khorshed "Trade-Off Between CO2 Emissions and Income: Is There any Evidence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve in Australia?" Applied Economics Quarterly 63.2, 2017, 211-231. https://doi.org/10.3790/aeq.63.2.211
Shahiduzzaman, Md/Alam, Khorshed (2017): Trade-Off Between CO2 Emissions and Income: Is There any Evidence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve in Australia?, in: Applied Economics Quarterly, vol. 63, iss. 2, 211-231, [online] https://doi.org/10.3790/aeq.63.2.211

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Trade-Off Between CO2 Emissions and Income: Is There any Evidence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve in Australia?

Shahiduzzaman, Md | Alam, Khorshed

Applied Economics Quarterly, Vol. 63 (2017), Iss. 2 : pp. 211–231

6 Citations (CrossRef)

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Md Shahiduzzaman, corresponding author: Research Fellow, PwC Chair in Digital Economy, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, QLD 4000, Australia

Khorshed Alam, Associate Professor, School of Commerce, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia

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Abstract

This paper examines the trade-off between per-capita CO2 emissions and per-capita GDP in Australia using data for the last five decades. It has estimated the national CO2 emissions from energy sources for 1961–2012, based on the consumption of disaggregated energy categories. This study applies recent advances of econometric techniques and complements the conventional co-integration tests with the non-linear approach. The subsequent error correction model is formulated using an ARDL approach based on alternative lag section criteria. The empirical evidence presented in the paper indicates the existence of an inverted U-shape relationship between per-capita CO2 emissions and per-capita GDP in Australia. Related policy implications are discussed.