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Mühlenweg, A., Schmitt, M. Effects of Education on Long-term Mental Health: Evidence From Increasing Years of Compulsory Schooling In Germany. Sozialer Fortschritt, 73(2), 81-107.
Mühlenweg, Andrea M. and Schmitt, Maike "Effects of Education on Long-term Mental Health: Evidence From Increasing Years of Compulsory Schooling In Germany" Sozialer Fortschritt 73.2, 2024, 81-107.
Mühlenweg, Andrea M./Schmitt, Maike (2024): Effects of Education on Long-term Mental Health: Evidence From Increasing Years of Compulsory Schooling In Germany, in: Sozialer Fortschritt, vol. 73, iss. 2, 81-107, [online]


Effects of Education on Long-term Mental Health: Evidence From Increasing Years of Compulsory Schooling In Germany

Mühlenweg, Andrea M. | Schmitt, Maike

Sozialer Fortschritt, Vol. 73 (2024), Iss. 2 : pp. 81–107

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Mühlenweg, Dr. Andrea, WifOR Darmstadt, Rheinstraße 22, 64283 Darmstadt.

Schmitt, Maike, WifOR Darmstadt, Rheinstraße 22, 64283 Darmstadt.


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Zusammenfassung: Langzeiteffekte von Bildung auf die psychische Gesundheit: Auswirkungen der Erhöhung der Pflichtschulzeit in Deutschland

Unsere Studie befasst sich mit dem Zusammenhang von Bildung und psychischer Gesundheit. Wir analysieren langfristige Effekte einer Schulreform, die die Pflichtschulzeit in Deutschland um ein Jahr erhöhte. Zur Schätzung der Effekte greifen wir auf die zeitliche Variation der Reformeinführung in unterschiedlichen Bundesländern zurück. Wir berücksichtigen Auswirkungen der Geburtskohorten sowie Alterseffekte, Einflüsse der Beobachtungsjahre und bundeslandspezifische Trends. Auf Grundlage von Routinedaten der BARMER Krankenkasse können wir Einflüsse der Reform auf die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Diagnose aus dem Krankheitsbereich der Depressionen und Angststörungen schätzen. Unter den Bedingungen der Schätzstrategie zeigt sich ein robuster schützender Effekt der Bildungsreform auf die psychische Gesundheit von Männern im Alter von 50–85 Jahren.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Andrea M. Mühlenweg / Maike Schmitt: Effects of Education on Long-term Mental Health: Evidence From Increasing Years of Compulsory Schooling In Germany 1
Abstract 1
Zusammenfassung: Langzeiteffekte von Bildung auf die psychische Gesundheit: Auswirkungen der Erhöhung der Pflichtschulzeit in Deutschland 2
1. Introduction 2
Evidence on causal effects of years of compulsory education on health 4
Mental health effects of increasing years of compulsory education 5
Mechanisms: evidence from the literature on increasing years of compulsory education 6
Our contribution and outline 8
2. Institutional background 9
3. Data 12
4. Empirical strategy 14
5. Results 17
Mental disorder 17
Health behavior as a mechanism 18
Robustness checks 18
6. Conclusions and Discussion 20
References 22